Swiss Family Girod & Bonners of Mollyroe

"Genealogy: Where you confuse the dead and irritate the living."

SWISS FAMILY GIROD / BONNER of MOLLYROE



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Our History

These sketches are provided and copyrighted ©, as part of two ongoing books.

Please ask me for permission to copy or use any part of this contained.




Girod Balmer Juillerat Murphy Barry Gray Mason Bradshaw



Bonner Boner Wylie Thornburg Cober Carr Stewart

Heth Patterson Peterson Forney George Burke

pontenet1sm mollyroesm

FAMILY SKETCHES


GIROD

        The Girod Family sketch provide here, will be a brief summary of the family's history; as the forthcoming book has the added capacity to fully envision the scope of the Girod family endevours.

        It might be best to begin with what the patriarch/matriarch immigrants, Gustave Adolphe Girod and Sophie Alexandrine Balmer. They had a large family, as well their children each had large families too. So the number of descendants and relations are quite large even after 2 generations.

        Gustave and Sophie's Children each have fairly well documented histories, for each of the children. Some of the lines stayed more in touch with others; some stayed independent. Due to the documentation being known for each particular child; I will only list the children and their spouses here. The book has more in detail about these families. The children of Gustave and Sophie are:

Sophie Emma Girod (1855-1879)(died 24 years old) & Alfred Dubach

Cecile Girod (1857-1857)(infant)(died young 3 months old)

Alfred " Albert" Girod (1858-1903)(single)(died in an insane asylum in Ohio, USA)

Adophe Girod (1859-1909)(single)

Paul Girod (1865-1925) & Ida Marie Ehrsam

Ida Alexandrine Girod (1862-1927) & 1. Ismael Bruneau 2.Emilen Frechette

Ernest Girod (1863-1937) & 1. Annie Emma Pankhurst 2. Marguerite Alice Hunt

Jules Girod (1865-1923) & Julia Murphy

Leon Paul Girod (1867-1913) & 1. Rosadie Sadie Wenger 2. Anna Gerig

Bertha Girod (1868-1869)(infant)(died young 1 year/4 months old)

Henri Auguste Girod & Mary Esther Nye

Arthur Gustave Girod & 1. Ida Marie Benoit 2. Marie Louise Jacquenau

Bertha Girod (1872-1880)(child)(died young 8 years old)

Louis Girod (1874-1882)(child)(died young 7 years old)

Elisa Girod (1877-1881)(child)(died young 4 years old)

Alice Girod (1878-1879)(infant)(died young 4 months old)

        The lineage further back than this into Switzerland, has generally little known about it; or has not intentionally, yet erroneously constructed. The lineage is clear if one refers to the Swiss Bevilard Churchbooks; which hold the records for births/marriages/deaths in Pontenet; where our Girods lived for 400 years.

        It is important to note now at this point that 3 separate Girod lines follow their way back to the original patriarch of Pontenet - Grosjean Girod. Each of his sons, Jean Brode, Henri, and Jean; denote the family line one descends from. Gustave Adolphe Girod descends from the Jean Girod Line.

        The Parents of Gustave Adolphe Girod were Francois Louis Girod (1795-1860) & Elise Cecile Juillerat (1805-1848). Francois "Little Louie" was as related by his grandson was "well-known as a whistler and dancer; a great entertainer with a sense of humor". Francois Louis and Elise's children were: Gustave Celestin, Cecile Emile, Gustave Adolphe (our Gustave), Cecile Adelle, Ferdinand Louis (infant), Marianne Elise, Ferdinand Louis, Auguste Emanuel (infant), Jules Alcide, Auguste Emanuel, and Jules Edouard. It is of note that Gustave Celestin and his family emigrated to Argentina, bought a ranch and settled there. Auguste Emanuel as well headed to Argentina, dying on the way or after upon arrival.

        Francois Louis' parents were "Marshal" Abraham Louis "Des Bois" Girod (1757-1818) & Jeanne Marie "Marianne" Girod (1771-1839). Jeanne Marie is descended thru the Henry Girod Line. Many current day trees of our family erroneously have "Anne Margueritte Girod" as the wife of Abraham Louis. This is incorrectly added, perhaps due to the fact that Anne Margueritte Girod's spouse is really Abraham Louis Girod (1775-1840). The Abrahams have been mixed up. The Anne Margueritte and Abraham Girod family that has been mis-attached is actually from Champoz, Switzerland; a different Girod lineage than the Pontenet Girods are descended from. Abraham and Anne Marguerite Girod, actually had 2 significant children important to mention here. Oliver Girod immigrated to America to form the Indiana Line of Girods; while his brother Leopold immigrated and formed the Ohio line of Girods.

        At this point while we are talking about immigration lines of the Girods into America, Three Cousins from Pontenet emigrated to America. Around the same immigration time of 1882; Gustave Adolphe Girod formed the Oregon Line, Charles Henri Girod formed the Minnesota Line, and Alphonse Girod formed the West Virginia Line. It might need to be mention for those wondering - the Louisiana and Kansas Girods are of different families and not related; as they came by way of France, or in some cases the West Indies. Our Girods were in Switzerland 14 generations before emigrating to America, Argentina, and Spain.

        Getting back to Abraham Louis and Jeanne Marie Girod, Their children were our Francois Louis, and Henriette Girod. Abraham Louis' father was named Abraham Louis with the same full title, but know as "Abram". "Marshal" Abraham "Abram" "Des Bois" Girod (1718-1766) married Anne Juillerat (1716-1778).

        I might mention here that "Des Bois" here denotes the Jean Girod Line. Each line had a title. More is discussed about each of these in the Girod book coming. Also of note is the relationship of the Girod and Juillerat families. They have a long history of intermarriages with each other. As well, the intermarriage of the individual Girod families in Pontenet and the surrounding Girods in Champoz, Malleray, Bevilard, and others makes it a unique challenge to untwine such a ball of yarn.

        The Jean Girod lineage (as well as the other two lines Jean Brode & Henri), has been preserved and continues back to Grosjean Girod and the daughter of a monk from the Bellelay Abbey nearby. Is is known and documented that Bellelay Abbey gave in fief to Grosjean Girod the area of Pontenet in 1515. More than likely this was a wedding gift, as they were married the same year.

        The Pontenet Girods have links to the Church and to Bellelay. This is due to the fact that Grosjeans Parents both had belonged to the Premonstratensian Order (St. Norbertines). They had left France, to settle near Bellelay. The Reformation at this time had give most no choice, but conversion to the Protestant faith; which from Grosjean Girod onwards, the family faithfully adheared to. Yet the roots and awareness of their ancestry was passed down, as well as the virtues and hard work promoted by the Norbertines.

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BALMER

        What we do know of the Balmer line starts with Jakob Balmer I of Muhleberg. He was born in 1635 and in 1660, married Anna Remund (born 1640). The lineage that continues down for our line is as follows:

2. Benedikt Balmer II (1665-1774) + Elizabeth Ruprecht

3. Christian Balmer III (1701-) + Salome Verena Spring

4. Johannes "Jean Louis" Balmer IV (1725-1796) + Elisabeth Balsigner

5. Johannes "Jean Louis" Balmer V (1751-1782) + Catherine Von Gunten

6. Johannes "Jean Louis" Balmer VI (1775-1841) + Susanna Marie Aeschlimann

7. Christian Balmer (1809-1894) + Julie Anna Anderegg

8. Sophie Alexandrine Balmer (1834-1909) + Gustave Adolphe Girod

        From the 5th generation onward the Balmers of our family settled in Dombresson, Neuchatel, Switzerland. Christian Balmer (father of Sophie), was born in Boudevilliers; 5 miles southwest of Dombresson. In reality, the family "Dombresson" house, was located just south of the city of Dombresson on a farm closer to the mountains on the Savagnier side of the valley. Nearby, a "south market road" extended towards Pontenet and villages along the way and on the other side of it. As well A "north market road" ran through Le Paquier northernly to Villeret, then east on Route 30 into the Tavannes Valley; where Loveresse and Pontenet are. Northeast of Dombresson; Chaux-de-Fonds was the large city connecting the northern market route.

        When Sophie Alexandrine Balmer met Gustave Adolphe Girod; The south market road between Pontenet and the family home at Dombresson was located 5 minutes walking time from Sophie Balmer's house. The way to the northern road took a little bit longer to reach. During the time of the spring and fall festivals and markets, this road as well as the north market road, was heavily traveled. We can only imagine the time riding or walks spent by Gustave and Sophie on these roads when they were courting. The south market road coming in at 26 miles; the walking time between Sophie's house and Pontenet was about 9 3/4 hours, a full day. The north market road was much busier; as it was directly coming from the large city of Chaux-de-Fonds towards the Tavanne Valley. This route would take on foot 8 hours on foot at 23 miles. Horse or cart would have been quicker.

        In balance with Gustave's teaching assignments; Sophie moved with Gustave after their 1854 marriage to Renan, and Saint-Imier, last settling in Les Convers with the building of the family home/schoolhouse in 1857. After the tragic deaths by illness of 6 children, they decided to emmigrate to America.

        When the family emigrated to America in 1882, Sophie made a trip and saw her sister Louise Aline, who immigrated as well to Baltimore on Christmas Eve of 1870. Louise Aline Balmer had married Augustus Hahl in Germany and arrived together with him. As well, Ernest Girod (Gustave's son), spent time with them. The instruction of Augustus Hahl and his nephew, gave Ernest his beginning introduction and education in engineering mechanics. For it is significant that Augustus was a machinist, as well as his nephew Ottmar Mergenthaler. Ottmar would shape the course of Ernest Girod's life with Ottmar's invention of the Linotype press. Ernest became intricately involved with Ottmar in a partnership and redesigned elements of the press as well.

        The Swiss Balmer's were for the most part farmers and good as seamtresses as well. The Balmers families generally, though having their beginnings in Muhleberg; had a number of branches. These grew and spread to other places throughout Switzerland, and proliferated a plethora of families in America.

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JUILLERAT

       

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MURPHY

       

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BARRY

       

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GRAY

       

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MASON

        Of the Masons of Kentucky; little is known yet, as to their origins. The oldest member is possible a James Samuel Mason, but the most solid starting point we have is Samuel Mason (1801-1849). This Samuel Mason is not to be confused with the famous Pirate Samuel Mason, who terrorized the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. Samuel Mason lived in Franklin County, Kentucky, and married Felicia Neale in Franklin County on December 23rd of 1829. They moved to Owen County, where most of the children were born. Samuel died while the children were still young, only a few years after arriving in Missouri. Their children were our John Presley, Synthia Ann, Sarah Frances, James "Joseph" Westley, Elizabeth, Armilda Belle, Mildred, Samuel Jr., and Zachariah Taylor. Samuel and Felicia moved from Kentucky to Missouri in 1843, so Mildred, Samuel Jr., and Zachariah Taylor were born in Missouri.

        James Presley Mason (1833-1885) was a farmer in the Howard County, Missouri area. He served in the Civil War on the Union side. After the war, In 1870 John married Sarah Bradshaw (1847-1929). They had 4 girls and 3 boys. They are John Wesley, Anna Felicia, Zachary, Bertie Pearl, James Taylor, and Fanny. John Wesley became a Physician. As well it has been suggested he became mayor of Fayette, Missouri and had married the daughter of a Native American chief. So far, in researching and contacting the town of Fayette, little suggests either of these statements are true. We do know yes he was a respected doctor in the area. In 1885 James Presley died in Fayette. His death was due to lung problems associated with the war.

        James daughter, Bertie Pearl Alameda Mason (1878-1958), was the last Mason in our line. She married in 1898, William Arthur Gray (1879-1920). As well, her sister Armilda "Mildred", married William Arthur Gray's brother Charles Edward Gray in 1896. Bertie was known later on by her children and grandchildren even as "Mummie". Bertie was born in Fayette, Missouri. She was very versatile - being able to do many of the things one thinks of as of the "old west", such as riding horses, household chores of that time, hunting, etc. As well she was an artist, known for her ability to sculpt in clay. Unfortunately, she did have a terrible temper, and her own sense of judge, jury, and sentencing; was not always proper or similar to what one would think in a normal sense.

        With William Arthur Gray, Bertie had William Arthur Jr. (1899-1899), Opal Olive (1900-1923), Earl James (1905-1927), Emery Oren "Jack" (1905-1992), Evelyn Esther "Beverly" (1912-1996), Marguerite "Janet" (1913-1999) and Donald William "Duke" (1914-1984). More on the turn of events of several of the children's lives can be found under the "Gray" sketch.

        Bertie and William moved from the Missouri area to Illinois in towns outside of Chicago, as William became a steelworker in Gary, Indiana. The towns they lived in were Morris and Lockport Illinois. Half the children were born in Missouri, half were born in Illinois; aside from Earl James and Emery Oren, who were born in Nebraska.

        When William Arthur Gray died in 1920, She moved to California; and in 1922, bought a house in San Jose, California. Bertie married again to Charles Miller. Their marriage did not last but a few years. Around 1935, Bertie married once again to Earl Tuttle Cook. Earl was interesting in that he was a telegraph operator for the Western Union in Santa Ana, California, then in Santa Maria, California and finally in Coalinga; the last telegraph operator in service for the trains in the United States. He was considered by his step-children to be kind and easy tempered. He died of pneumonia in the hospital. He pleaded with the doctor to not send him back to home, as he would rather die in the hospital. At home, Bertie had made him sleep out on the covered porch on a couch for the longest time.

        Bertie spent time from then on with church activities, friends, and raising some of her grandchildren. Not always the easiest time for her, and especially for them. Definitely a larger than life character, that could put the fear of God into you, "Mummie" passed away in December of 1958. She was buried with her son Earl James in Colma, California; near San Francisco.

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BRADSHAW


BONNER

       

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BONER

       

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WYLIE

       

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THORNBURG

        Which immigrating Thornburg to America, were the ones we came from? This is the question that has been at the head of the debate for a while till present times. The common thing we have at this point, is that many different families of Thornburgs left England and Ireland for vast amounts of available land in America, and freedom to live as Quakers.

        "Some members of the Cartmel and Kendal families (Thornburgs in those areas of England), became ardent followers of George Fox, the founder of the Society of Friends (Quakers) during the years 1663 to 1700; and some were forced or induced by religious persecutors to leave the environs of Cartmel. Those early escapees (or deportees, if you like) emigrated to Ireland". Others left England at an earlier time for America. Whether it was the English or Irish Thornboroughs that we are related to - this is the point of contention.

        To this point in time, many have accepted the Irish Robert Thornborough and Sarah Jackson as the parents of our ancestor Edward, who immigrated to America about 1717. This is becoming not so necessarily so, even though works have conjectured this idea the most plausible, and have made it easy to "finish the puzzle". As well at times, older Thornborough studies on the family were discarded, or referenced and parts edited out to fit the end at hand. With the advent of the Internet combined with social interaction among genealogists on the web, things have changed. Now what is found can be shared among many to digest and double check and add evidence to.

        With the above in mind, people started to realize the few bits of evidence and records that are credible, are open to some interpretation, as well as some are exact in their meaning. In addition, re-examining the previous, older Thornborough studies has brought new revelations passed over previously for whatever reasons. The good old fashion searching through old books and records in dusty forgotten or unkempt rooms is still of value and necessity; as many things still haven't been digitized to this point. The hopes here are that future generations will be able to more definitively clarify the Thornborough lineage into America.

        In the most popular version of our Thornborough history, we find that even though there is mention of an Edward as a child to a Robert and Sarah; there were other Thornburgs in Ireland and England, who were Quakers at that time, who could fit the bill for parents to Edward. Upon a deeper examination of books compiled on the Thornburgs (even older than then the currently accepted ones), we find an indication of TWO Edwards. One came early from England, and one came via Ireland. An additional problem being is a claim by both schools of thought on the Edward of Warwick Pennsylvania will of 1734. All the children - future descendants are named; important to either school of thought. (In my opinion), the one coming early from England, is now the one to be our Edward. The records weigh more in evidence, the source reliability is sound, and patterns of movement to Lancaster County have been noted more clearly. Still, I leave up to you to choose which makes sense. Next I will try and present the two Edward possibles, from landing until arrival in Warwick township in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.

        An Irish Edward with his family, landed in 1717 at Wilmington (then a part of Pennsylvania). As well there is a record of a Quaker remarriage of an Edward to Jean Morgan (after she officially became Quaker) in 1719. The first confusion I think one has is that both Edwards were Quakers in Christiana Hundred at the same time. But they attended different meeting houses - English Edward at "Centre" and Irish Edward at "Kennett". The second confusion is that land deeds shows an Edward (could be either one), owning land in Christiana Hundred in 1722. However, other land and will records link an English Edward and his siblings as all being there in Christiana Hundred and each owning land- English Edward is listed as selling it after his father dies, and in the same year arriving in Lancaster County.

        The English Edward had a slightly different entry to America. His father, Thomas b.1596 (being one of the earliest known Thornboroughs to enter America), married Alice Layne of London b.1594 and landed in Elizabeth City, Virginia in 1616 aboard the ship "George". Thomas for awhile was Burgess of Maryland then Virginia. He had 6 children, two of which, Rowland and Samuel "owned all of Baltimore and some to the Northeast". Samuel became a Quaker (ancestrally Thornboroughs were Roman Catholic), and had 3 children, one of which - Richard b. 1658, married Elizabeth b. 1662, and relocated to Christianna Hundred in 1682, settling south of Brandywine Creek, and joining the Center Meeting of Friends. They had Edward about 1682 or 1683, who was married to a Jean.

        In 1725, (both adherents of the Edwards take claim), the family arrived and settled in Warwick, Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Eleven children (in agreement by both Edward schools of thought) were born to Edward and Jean. (again both had wives named Jean). Irish Edward would put the first 5 children born in Ireland, and the English Edward would put the first 5 children born in England. Our John was the sixth child, born in Chistianna Hundred in 1718. The rest of the children following, were born in Lancaster County. Many of the incoming Thornborough Family Quakers headed for safer havens from the elements, Indian troubles, and growing populations. Places like Guilford, North Carolina and Hopewell, Virginia became popular destinations for large amounts of Quakers. Edward, Jean, and his family decided to stay in Lancaster. Edward died in Warwick, Lancaster, Pennsylvania in December of 1734. His wife Jean followed the next year.

        Our next descendant, John married Hannah Davis. From this same family of John and Mary North Davis, two other daughters as well married brothers of our John. Reference to this is in the John Davis will, and the signed dual marriage certificates of John's brothers Robert and Thomas; marrying Susannah and Charity Davis, respectively. The Davis sisters were much older that the Thornburgs. John married Hannah in Chester County, and at some point, they relocated to Robinson township in Allegheny County. John and Hannah had 3 sons - James, Thomas and John.

        Little is known of the youngest - John, other than a will that places him in Beaver county, Pennsylvania. He is listed with 2 children, William and Mary and a wife Eliza. He leaves William with some money, and the majority of land and holdings to Mary, as well a cow to each of her husband's sisters, and a bead of land. Thomas the next oldest is well documented as a part of more than one families history and the Revolutionary War. Thomas as well married into Mayflower Lineage leading back to Edward Fuller and his wife; when he married Diana Piatt.

        In Charles Thornburg's "Discourse on the Thornburgs", He had concluded our Samuel was the son of Thomas. Recently the John Hay land deeds, and new found wills, have put Thomas' son Samuel from the same area and time with an Ohio bound line; and our Samuel as the son of the next son in our discussion - James Thornburgh Sr., who married Mary "Anne" Margaret Ormand. James Sr.'s will recently found, places our Samuel properly. The Thomas will lists our Samuel and several other children (who definitely are our Samuel's siblings); and more dynamically - the John Hay deed (in which our Samuel sold his father's land to John Hay) lists much more. This deed lists our Samuel and all his siblings, and states clearly as James Thornburgh Sr. as being his father. As well, those related to Thomas Thornburgh, have shown proof through wills and deeds, that their Samuel was settled in Ohio,(whereas our Samuel settled in Pennsylvania).

        James and Mary had 8 children - George, Thomas, Samuel, James Jr., Nancy, Mary Anne, Eliza, and Lettice. Generally, they all seemed to stay in the same area, but not much is found on them to this point; other than Nancy marrying James Shaw, a shoemaker . Our Samuel does have a history that we can follow. As mentioned previously, the John Hay deed helped greatly in validating the record of our lineage. Samuel went on to marry Meary Campbell, daughter of Charles Campbell - their family mentioned wills and land documents of the Thornburgs. Samuel was a farmer, as well as taking up the craft of broom making. As well, several Thornburgs carried on with this same craft. Having sold his father's land in Butler County, Samuel and Meary relocated later in life to Allegheny County, where the Thornburg name is much more familiar to us. In the next paragraphs are listed the 9 children of Samuel and Meary Campbell, and a brief mention about them. Our Charles Campbell Thornburg, the oldest, I will saved for last with a more detailed sketch.

        The 2nd oldest son, James (1830-1890), married Rose Ann Hutchinson. Born in Oakland, Butler County - they lived their the whole of their lives and raised 6 boys and 2 girls. James, like his dad was a farmer. The 1870 census shows him living next door to his wife's sister Sarah, as well as her mom Jane. James farm has a 2012 compared value of $56,300.

        The next son William born about 1832, we know little about other than the possibility he was one of the original elected stewards of the Beaver County Poor House. John R "Q" Thornburg (1834-1890) married Emily Evaline Cochran, eventually moving to Young, Indiana. John originally was a teacher, and later became a stone mason. As well he had fought in the Civil War in a heavy artillery unit on the Union side. They had 4 girls and a boy - Clifton having later become a doctor. The family eventually returned to Allegheny County, where John died in May of 1890. Emily it is shown filed for his Civil War pension the following month.

        The 5th son, Robert E. Thornburg was born in 1835, and is found enlisting in the infantry on the 21st of August 1861. Never married, He died November 26th of the same year in Tenallytown, Maryland (outside of Washington D.C.). This was Robert's only engagement, dying of Typhoid Fever.

        Nelson, being the 6th child and Isaiah being the 7th, are both listed in the 1850 Census as 7 and 9 years respectively. They are not listed in the 1860 Census with their parents, so it is possible they died from sickness or injury.

        The next child, Jesse S. Thornburg, survived the war as well as John R. Thornburg. Jesse (1842-1905), married Margaret "Maggie" Vann at the age of 30 in 1872. They had 3 boys and 4 girls, relocating to Ohio after the birth of their 1st child. After the war, Jesse carried on his father's trade of broom making. We see his dad Samuel for a short time living with them in Ohio before his death. All the children settled in the Stuebenville/New Philadelphia areas of Ohio.

        The 11th child here,(and last before presenting our Charles), is Samuel Robert Thornburg, a coal miner turned broom maker. Samuel married Margaret J Thompson and raised a girl and 2 boys. When Samuel gave up coal mining, he moved out of Butler County with Margaret and his 3 children, and settled in Pittsburgh in 1884. Now he pursued as well as the craft of his father. Samuel Robert died on the 11th of September when he was hit by a train. Margaret is shown to have received in November of the following year, a pension of $8 equaling to a 2012 value of $240/month.

        Samuel and Meary's first born was our Charles Campbell Thornburg. Charles was born in Moon, Allegheny County; but is found living for awhile in his youth and into the time of his marriage in Butler County. Civil War records show he enlisted in Butler County with the 100th Regiment of the "Round Heads". The Round Heads "were made up principally of descendants of Scotch-Irish Covenanter's and of the Round Heads of the English Revolution, it became known as the "Round Head Regiment." In Spotsylvania County, Virginia - Charles was wounded when a bullet pierced through his left forearm.

        After the war, Charles and the family (including our Jessie Mae), settled in Blairsville, Indiana County, Pennsylvania. Charles was a carpenter by trade. The 1870 census shows Charles and Jane living 3 doors down from his dad, Samuel. Jesse, Charles's brother is living with his dad, and a carpenter as well.

        Just after that census was taken, Charles was found drowned in the Allegheny River. It was never settled as to why he died exactly. He had some patents for a new beehive design that failed, which some thought was the reason. Others considered it somehow just accidental. He was last known to have tried to sell his horse (perhaps for patent costs?). His horse, and the beehive design were found at the hotel. Friday night, (several days after Charles tried to sell his horse unsuccessfully), a man was reported to have "walked off the dump boat". Some considered this man to be the same man as Charles. Charles body was discovered Sunday washed up on Brunot's Island, about 2.5 miles from the hotel Charles was last seen at. Charles and Jane's newborn son Samuel was 3 months old at this point, and their oldest child was Mary Jane at 12.

        Jessie Mae Thornburg married Frank Patterson Wylie in 1891, at the age of 22 - 5 or 6 years after the family had moved to Pittsburgh. Little is known as to Jessie's activities before marriage, but after marriage, she did run a boarding house on Main St. (now 409 Hobart), in Platteville, Colorado. She ran this from 1920-1928. In 1928, she sold the boarding house and left for a few years back to Pennsylvania with Mildred her daughter (the only single one among her siblings).

        In 1931, They returned to live in Sterling, Colorado. In 1937, They eventually settled in Denver. Jessie enjoyed life with family, and visits from them. Beloved Jessie - on October 27th 1945, passed away at home on Logan Street in Denver, where Mildred lived as well. The cause of death was due to an inflammation of the Aortic wall and a narrowing of the Aortic valve. Jessie was entombed at the Fairmount Cemetery on October 31st, 1945. Plattesville records indicate Jessie was reposed in 1960 to Mizpah Cemetery with her husband Frank Wylie.

        All in all, it can be seen that in Pennsylvania; more than just the borough of "Thornburg, PA." named after them was a contribution. The Thornburgs added much more to Pennsylvania in the realms of education, politics, even to this modern day. As well, Thornburgs were known for their trustworthiness of character.

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COBER

       

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CARR

        Like the Georges, not much is known about the Carrs in Ireland and their first years in America, other than a few records. These records give us the place they came from in Ireland as well as the early census records of where they were living in Pennsylvania. What we do know, is that we have John Carr, followed by John Jerome Carr, who has six daughters, our Mary Carr being the one who married our Peter Boner Sr. Mary does have some notable things about her that have been found, as well her sisters do also. Before we discuss Mary Carr, a brief sketch of what we know of the times and area she lived in, can be found to be helpful and of interest.

        John Carr, the father; came from Ardara, Donegal, Ireland. He married Anne Brennan; who was from The Glenties, Donegal, Ireland. At this point it is unknown whether father John was a shoemaker or a laborer. John Carr the father, John Jerome, their wives, and John Jerome's children are documented for sure, validating their relationship to each other as correct. An additional son, Thomas Edward Carr is acknowledged in previous family research and correspondence, yet his being 22 years the younger of John Jerome is of some curiosity as to why, and the age of his mother at the time.An error of notation in some record possibly. Xepha Major, a cousin to Joan Bonner Girod; had research done on the Carr line, which confirmed their origin in Ireland, and that they immigrated between 1851-1853. This was after John Jerome's arrival.

        As well the existence of John Jerome's brother Thomas, and the evidence of a 2nd marriage for Anne Brennan has come to light. Shortly after arriving in America John the father died, leaving Anne at some point, to marry Michael O'Donnell. It is said she had children by him as well. Finding and sorting out the Carrs is not so easy. Such a problem can be seen in that there are 4 different Carr families found living next door to each other in 1850; possibly related as cousins, having arrived at the same time and settled in the same areas. Many of their names were the same as well. So possible in time, more of this puzzle will be solved; but at this time of writing, this is all we have.

        John Jerome left Liverpool on the ship "Alexander", about April of 1847. He had to sail to New York as the first port before Philadelphia. "With a regular wage for an Irish rural laborer at that time being 7 shillings a week, he should have been forced to save during about an year to pay for the passage ticket." John Jerome's ticket cost $16, the equivalent of $401 dollars in 2013. The trip required first to travel to Dublin by canal barge or train. Then after an overnight stay, a 12-14 hour ship ride on an uncovered deck to Liverpool.

        Liverpool was a nightmare of thievery and trickery, and dealing. "Before getting on board, emigrants had to deal with ship-brokers, runners, boarding-house keepers who overcharged them, keepers of spirit vaults and provision stores who sold them bad food and drink at high prices. They also had to pass a medical inspection." On board travelers were given staples of which they all had to share a 12 x 6-foot kitchen to cook in on deck; if the weather was bad, the kitchen was closed. On ship; given 1 out of 5 died,The Alexander logs showed 2 deaths on May 13th and June 2nd as well as 1 birth had occurred.

        It took six to fourteen weeks to cross the Atlantic to New York, depending on weather conditions at that time. From there the same ship set sail and arrived in Philadelphia on June 26, 1847. John Jerome was 22 years old, and arrived with 1 barrel of personal belongings. Yet to be found is Sarah Maloy's Ship Manifest into America. She wrote on the 1900 census, that she had immigrated in 1850, three years after John Jerome arrived.

        The earlier and majority of their years; found them in Mauch Chunk between John Jerome's arrival in 1847 and their appearance in Lansford at or before 1880. Ms. Slaby, a Bonner relative of Peter Boner Sr. as well, says "they lived in what is now Summit Hill, and belonged to St. Joseph's R.C. church." The 1870 Census shows John Jerome as naturalized as a citizen by that point in time. The Carrs settled eventually in Lansford. Jack Sterling's study on Carbon County relates that "On July 1, 1876 Lansford was created out of Mauch Chunk, formed by merging the villages of Ashton and Storm Hill. The former patch town of Andrewsville is now included in the borough. The area was first settled in the 1820s, but growth was very slow for the next 50 years. But the population exploded after incorporation, doubling from 2 to 4 thousand between 1880 and 1890."

        According to census records neither John Jerome or Sarah could read or write, though their children could. John Jerome was probably fairly well known. Since a boot maker in the area of coal mines, as well as the growth of the towns afforded new shoes, boots, and repairs on a regular basis, and his face over the 40 years in the area, had bound to be recognized as the "boot guy". The 1860 Census showed his real estate revenue to be $100 and his personal revenue to be $150. As of 2013, this would equal $2,598 and $3,897 respectively. John Jerome Carr was buried in Beaver Meadow, of which, Joan Bonner Girod came across the land deed to, bought by his son Thomas in 1886. So that would put John Jerome's death between 1886-1889. Other than the land deed and references to Thomas B. Carr as John Jerome's Brother; little has been found yet. John Jerome's wife Sarah Malloy had four older brothers, that have been documented, but still no leads to her parents, other than she came from The Glenties and was born about 1825.

        Now of the children; our Mary was born first in 1842, followed by Annie in 1843, Sarah in 1852, Catherine in 1853, Bridget in 1857, and Margaret in 1861. Mary and Annie, the first two girls were born in The Glenties, and the other girls were born in Mauch Chunk/Summit Hill area, except Margaret who was born in Lansford. Mary married at the age of 19 to our Peter Boner Sr. Little is known as to what she occupied herself with before marriage other than school as a child. By 1870, Mary and Peter had left Carbon County and moved to Schuylkill County, just to the southwest and settled in the village of Seek/Tamaqua in the old township of Rahn. Both counties had a life immersed in coal. They raised 5 boys and 2 girls. The father, Peter died in 1886 at the age of 49.

        Of interest is Mary's will. In it, she leaves $1600 to share among 6 children, Joseph, she leaves $1. She leaves to Sarah as well, an additional $250 dollars, a lot on Phillips street in Coaldale, her sewing machine and piano. To James as well, she leaves 10 shares of capital stock in a loan company. The residue of personal effects are to be shared equally among James, Daniel, Peter, and Sarah. Our John Jerome Carr Bonner was only included in the sharing of the $1600, probably due to distance, as he was in Georgetown, Colorado by that time. Mary died May 16, 1909 of swollen kidneys that led to loss of kidney function. This Intestinal Nephritis is caused usually by toxins, reactions to medications, or infections to the kidney. She was buried alongside her husband Peter in St. Joseph's Church Cemetery in Summit Hill on May 19th.

        Catherine Carr married Daniel Shovelin, who was a road laborer around the birth of their first child in 1870. They had four children, 3 girls and a boy. Little is known otherwise as yet. Bridget Carr born in 1857, married James "Michael" Cullen from Ireland, who was a laborer. They married in 1872 at St. Joseph's Church in Summit Hill. Bridget and Michael had 9 children. One of those children, John, was Chief of Police for Lansford in the 1920's. Bridget died at the age of 35, giving birth to her last child, Mark. Mark went on to be cared for by Annie Carr Sproule, and her husband, who was very fond of him. Margaret "Maggie" Carr married Patrick Convery, who was a peddler, then merchant. then miner who came from Belfast, Ireland. Margaret married in 1877, at the age of 16 or so, and was a widow by 1900. They had a family of 3 boys and 1 girl. Margaret had relocated out of Carbon County to Luzerne County, settling in Sugar Notch. In 1930, we find Margaret living with in-laws in Wilkes Barre, still in Luzerne County. Margaret died May 13 1934, at the age of 72.

        Eleanor "Annie" Carr married James Sproule Sr. at the age of nineteen on Dec 23, 1862. She continued to live in the Lansford area, and raised 11 children. James Sproule's great-grandson William "Bill" Sproule, has shared research to validate many points about this family, as well as John Jerome Carrs. He says that "James and Annie were listed as one of the pioneer families of Panther Creek Valley, as well a feeling in the family that James and Eleanor "Annie" knew each other in Ireland." James died of cancer about 1886 and Annie died of Bronchial Pneumonia in April of 1906, at the age of 64.

        Sarah "Sadie" Carr, the third daughter married between 1860-1870 to a miner John Sharpe, born in Ireland in 1845. They had 4 girls and 2 boys. One of the girls "Sadie" became a nurse in New York City at the turn of the century around 1900. One of the other daughters married a Edmund Smith. Last records for Sadie, show her living in Lansford in 1910. Her husband John died between 1880 and 1900 according to census records.

        One of John And Sarah's boys has a well known event associated with his life. Patrick died in 1902, 1 year after his wife, leaving a 4-month-old son. Patrick was on a coal miners strike, and was murdered, shot through the heart, by a deputy, someone he knew all his life.

        Patrick, had been only involved in trying to bring peace to an altercation started by his lifelong friend, now a coal mine deputy. Court transcripts state "Horace Watkins, of Nesquehoning, the next witness saw Drinkwater and Sharpe approach the deputies and talk to them, but heard nothing that was said. He saw Drinkwater get knocked down, being some twenty or thirty feet behind them. Immediately after Drinkwater was knocked down, Sharpe was shot, and Johns one of the deputies, pointed his pistol in the direction of witness. They were all walking south; Sharpe was about six feet behind McElmoyle. Suddenly McElmoyle turned around and shot Sharpe. Witness saw the shooting and the pistol in McElmoyle's hand. He did not see Sharpe do anything during all the time. He saw no one except Deputy Johns have any firearms before the shooting. As soon as Sharpe was shot he dropped."

        There was a major trial, and the outcome was so convoluted by the introduction from the Coal Company that a different deputy murdered Patrick. Even though more than 12 citizens witnessed the murder, the "new murderer" said he had no choice as he was attacked by Patrick and feared he had a gun, so he shot him. Suddenly, the next day the original murderer supported the claim that the "new murderer" was the one. Finally, after only 50 minutes for the first and 10 minutes for the second murderer deliberation, everyone was set free, somehow concluding it wasn't possible to know who killed Patrick Sharpe, even with more than 12 ordinary citizens testifying to Patrick peaceful trying to aid a situation.

        A few feet in front of St. Josephs Cemetery, is a large memorial that was placed in his honor. The scene is related thus: "August 22nd 1903- People from nearly every point in the Anthracite Coal Fields were in Lansford and Summit Hill, either witnessing or participating in the unveiling of the monument erected to the memory of the late Patrick Sharpe, who was shot by deputies during an encounter in Nesquehoning on August 18,1902, while the great miner's strike was on. Business was practically suspended and the miners were out to a man. Between eight and ten thousand men were marching to martial music by numerous bands, many are crowding the pavements along the route of the parade. Special trains and trolley cars carried Locals of the United Mine Workers of America and their friends into Lansford all morning and by noon standing room, even in the street, was at a premium." The inscription of the front of the monument is"Patrick Sharpe, son of John and Sarah: 1873-1902, Cecilia his wife, 1874-1901: John, their son aged 4 months; May they rest in peace." Patrick had been living with his mom Sarah Carr, on West Ridge street. More than likely, she took care of the orphaned son.

        The Carr family baptismal and marriage records for the area are kept at St. Joseph's Church. All death records were kept via gravestones, and later on by county death records. All in all, the Carrs lived a hard enough life, along with the Bonners compared to todays standards. In other respects though, a strong sense of family and togetherness ran common through their lives.

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STEWART

        The Stewart Family sketch is probably best started from the youngest Stewart in the tree - Hannah Stewart marrying into the Wylie line with James Patterson Wylie. Hannah Stewart had actually been the nurse for Jame's wife Hannah Wycoff. Hannah Stewart married at the age of 22, in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. She died Aug 13th, 1870 - 2 years after the birth of her 10th child, our Frank Patterson Wylie. She was 43 years old at the time. Hannah's father was Dr. James A. Stewart, who married Agnes Maria Peterson. Agnes was the Daughter of the famous Capt. Gabriel Peterson who fought in the Revolutionary War. As well Gabriel married Margaret, the daughter of Capt. Henry Heth I, also famous in the Revolutionary War.

        Dr. James Stewart, along with his brothers and sisters were the first of several generations to live in Elizabeth, Allegheny, Pennsylvania. He was born on Mar 2 of 1797, and died early at the age of 39 - May 3 1836. He is buried in Lobbs Run Cemetery in West Elizabeth, and little else is known of him at this point.

        Dr. James Stewart's parents were Samuel P Stewart and Jane Patterson. Jane Patterson was the daughter of a James Patterson and Flora Dale from Franklin, Fayette, Pennsylvania. Jane married Samuel P Stewart in 1796. Both Samuel and Jane were born just before the Revolutionary War, 1767 and 1774, respectively. As well they were both alive at the time of President Lincoln's assassination. Unlike the previously mentioned later generations, Samuel died at the age of 70, and Jane died at the age of 93.

        Hugh Stewart and Agnes Nancy Moore; Samuel's parents are the immigrants to America in this story. Agnes born 1735, came from Castlemorton, England. Hugh and his brother Samuel emigrated from Ireland. Hugh was born near Glasgow, Scotland, and was 1 year old when his parents arrived in Ireland. They are the "Stewarts of Drumore" in Ulster province, near Dublin. As relayed to us about Hugh in Egle's book from the time (and others confirm the same story) that "in the spring of 1735; he landed (at 16 years old) with a capital in coin equivalent to one dollar and twenty-five cents, which he spent for a jackknife to cut threads, considering it the most necessary tool in his business of weaving, an occupation he had learned in Ireland and which he followed here for many years."

        The brothers settled at Chestnut Level, Drumore Township, in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. After awhile, Hugh moved on to Paxtang, still in Lancaster, but later it became a part of Dauphin County when Lancaster County divided in 1785. "He (Hugh) was considered a very handsome man, of more than ordinary height, and retained through life his Scotch accent." He had settled on a farm 6 miles west of Harris Ferry - which by 1780, was assessed at 405 acres (.60 square miles).

        Hugh's first wife, Hannah Dallas 1727-1760 was from Ireland, and they married in 1751 and had 6 children. Hannah died in 1760, and Hugh married Agnes "Nancy" in 1764. They had 5 children, including our Samuel. Agnes died in 1790 and Hugh died in 1798. There is a will for Hugh, mentioned in earlier records, dated April 14th, 1796 - but in lengthy digital searches of what wills have been scanned; it has not been found yet. Hugh was buried with his wives and children, in the graveyard of the Old Covenanter Church, of which he was a main contributor.

        Hugh and Samuel were a part of a larger family started by Robert Stewart and Mary Clark. Hugh and Samuel's siblings have no records, but it is considered that some the other brothers emigrated as well at some point. Robert was born in 1665 near Glasgow, and emigrated to Ireland after his dad died in 1720, settling at Drumore (Drumorstrop) in the County of Down. Robert died at 65 years in 1730. The boys left for America (Samuel with his wife and children) in 1735.

        John Stewart II, Robert's father, and Hugh's grandfather was a Covenanter. "The Covenanters were a Scottish Presbyterian movement that played an important part in the history of Scotland, and to a lesser extent that of England and Ireland, during the 17th century." The "King's Confession" was a document of importance, as a pledge signed to uphold the religion of Protestant (as opposed to Catholic) Christianity in Scotland. The document was laid out for signing on a gravestone on Feb. 28th 1638 in Gray Friars Church Yard, Edinburgh. Nine years later, finds Charles II being restored to power, and nullifying all the covenants and proclamations. As well, imprisonment and death followed for those (such as the Covenanters) resisting. Our family was forced to flee from Scotland to Ireland in 1665 John lived there,in "Dromore" near Belfast for 20 years. In 1685, King Charles Stuart II, who had proclaimed the religious edict died, and John returned to Scotland. John died there in 1720. The farthest we can go back, with actual references, is to John Stewart II's grandfather - Thomas Stewart born about 1590. All the family was from the Glasgow, Scotland area.

        "Covenanters started their migration to North America by way of Ireland. Having come to Ireland for religious, economic, and political reasons throughout the Seventeenth Century, Scottish Presbyterians, including Covenanters, once again for religious, economic, and political reasons felt compelled to migrate again. The migration is usually dated from the year 1717. In North America Covenanter's became known as members of the Reformed Presbyterian Church. They were among the most vocal agitators for independence from Great Britain and volunteered in large numbers as soldiers in the revolutionary armies. The Covenanters were opposed to slavery, and in 1800 the Reformed Church voted to outlaw slave-holding among its members."

        In America, Stewart families have spread prolifically. As well as first cousins marrying first cousins back in the 1800's, and completely different Stewart families of different European origins marrying into one another. This has created quite the task of sorting things for siblings or aunts and uncles outside of the basic pedigree line we are looking at here. The Stewarts in our line are found within the trades of weavers, broom makers, grocers, as well as elders and doctors. Weaving in Scotland and Ireland had been the major occupation for our Stewart line, transitioning to farming as a major occupation for the majority of our Stewarts in America.

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FORNEY

        The Forney line intersects with the Cobers',and thus Emeline Forney married Ananias Cober. The Immigration of the Forneys to America happened in groups between 1717-1739. Some of the Families were documented enough to follow their migration pattern (such as Abraham Farni), others not completely. Unfortunately; our line stops with Johann Fahrney. This is because we are not exactly sure who his dad was. The choices come down to 4 of Abraham Farni's other brothers. We do know from DNA that we are in the right family.

        The original spelling was "Farni". They first fled from Switzerland to the Alsace areas around the Rhine River. Some settled in the town of Sainte Marie Aux Mines in France, and our Forneys settled closer to the Rhine (most likely Strasbourg). Strasbourg was still in France, but heavily influenced for centuries by Germany. These Fahrni families of ours, visited back and forth among each other, being 1 to 1 1/2 day walking distance apart. Our descendant Rev. Peter Forney mentions in a letter that his father always signed with the German "Fahrney" and all had spoke German fluently. So eventually both parts of the same family immigrated, the French influenced maintained "Farni" or "Farnie", and the German influenced maintained "Fahrney". Fairly soon all becoming "Forney" in America.

        For our following descendant (John Fahrni), Even though it is unknown yet which brother of Abraham he belonged to, DNA tests have confirmed John is related to his cousin Jacob (Abraham's son ); therefore to the family. Thus are just missing a link here, to be able to show how John got from point A (Lancaster) to point B (Cocalico) in Pennsylvania, even though records show he did. Older genealogies of the Forneys published have mentioned John Fahrni living in Reamstown with some of his brothers and sisters.

        John Fahrni, who settled in Reamstown - affiliated first with the Lancaster county Forneys, then emigrated to become part of the Cocalico township Forneys with his wife Eleanor. They had four children, one of them being our Peter "Joseph" Forney (Joseph being his baptismal name that he went by). Joseph Forney and Barbara (unknown last name) settled in as the Forneys of Somerset County. Their children were Abraham, Christian, our John Sr., Peter, Catherine Anne, Nancy Anne, and Elizabeth.

        There has been much discussion, as to the Barbara of Joseph Forney and his children's mother. The conclusion, after much studied and thought is that the children belong to an unknown Barbara. After she died, Joseph married again in 1791(after the 1790 Census),to Barbara Yoder (a widow of Issac Miller). In several years, Joseph died, and his will has Barbara Yoder signing off executive rights to others, since she is their step-mother. She later marries Christian Troyer, son of Michael Troyer.

        Even to this point in the lineage thus explained, there have been many "schools" of thought as to who really descended from who, and even what their first name really was, who they really married at times, and from what origin point the Forneys immigrated from. After careful thought and examination of land deeds, wills, county biographies and memories of the time, and other records now appearing, such as DNA testing results on Forney lineage; what is presented is as well accepted by those having done the most careful research over time.

        As well Forney researchers are starting to come to the conclusion that the Somerset Forneys are related more conclusively than thought before. The dilemma of Abraham's lineage, and who he married has a multitude of answers in people's charts, but Gottlieb Fahrni in Switzerland, has spent a vast amount of time researching actual church documents to piece the puzzle together. This is what I have found to be the most valid source when you compare the different leads. From the point following John Fahrni in the history, everything is much more clearer and well accepted.

        Peter Joseph Forney, had settled into Brothers Valley Township near Berlin in Somerset County, having come from Lancaster County where he was born. The Cobers as well had settled here in the same area.

        Peter Joseph's son John Sr. later became an elder in the Church of the Brethren, taking turns with Peter Cober as constituted bishops of Somerset County. This more than likely brought the families close in interaction, and future marriages. John Forney Sr. married Susanna Beeghley, and they had eight boys and two girls. More than several continued in the ministry as well as their children were all involved in the church.

        Noteworthy are Rev. Peter Forney settling in Big Grove, Iowa watching over several growing locations of the church there; and his brother Elder John Forney Jr. settling in Abilene, Kansas. John Jr. became proficient as a physician, administering physically as well as spiritually. Our Samuel Forney was a minister in the church. He married Elizabeth Landis somewhere close to 1827 when their first child was born. They had nine children, Emeline being the fourth, born in 1839.

        Emeline Forney married Ananias Cober in 1854 in Somerset, Pennsylvania. She was only 17 and died early at the age of 32 in 1870. She left behind five children, records showing them split among relatives and friends- Our Ella Cober living in 1880 with her grandfather Samuel Forney. By 1885 records show Ella, Henry Elmer, and Samuel Irwin living with their father Ananias in Sabetha, Kansas. Harvey isn't found so easily in records after his mom's death, though does marry in 1890 and appears easily in records of the 1900's. What Emeline Forney Cober died from so young is not known for sure, yet it is a possible assumption she died in childbirth, as the only mention of Emma Susan, her last child is July 12th 1870; two days before Emeline died. It was of great hardship on Ananias as well.

        In Closing, on the Forneys, it can be noted they were of considerable standing always. They took leadership in the church, and were considered to be kind. Several Forneys were quite wealthy due to toll roads they had a part in as well as a flour mill. Whether Lancaster county, Somerset county, Cocalico township, or several other counties; the Forneys can be found mentioned in county biographies and sketches published in that day.

        Even to this point in the lineage thus explained, there have been many "schools" of thought as to who really descended from who, and even what their first name really was, who they really married at times, and from what origin point the Forneys immigrated from. After careful thought and examination of land deeds, wills, county biographies and memories of the time, and other records now appearing, such as DNA testing results on Forney lineage; what is presented is as well accepted by those having done the most careful research over time.

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GEORGE

        Not much Is known about the George family other than they did come from England. The Era of 1800`s Census records, show 3 different George families; that basically settled in and out of the same county of Armstrong in Pennsylvania.

        It is with some effort that a few records have been uncovered. The patriarch George found here is "Abraham". The character of his records found are similar to what Joan Bonner Girod in her research referred to as "Arthur". In looking through her surviving notes and papers, it is impossible to ascertain exactly where the name "Arthur" appeared from. In English records of births and baptisms in London, there does appear an Arthur, but doesn't end well in connect with our Georges. Numerous George wills found in Armstong County, Pennsylvania are interesting in their nature, but of no relation to our particular Georges. Census records of 1850 know him by his middle name Alexander, which was not an uncommon thing.

        Abraham Alexander George born in 1809, married Ellen Burke who was born in Ireland in 1819. They were married in Ireland, Ellen being around the age of 15 at that time for the birth of their first child as well. Elizabeth "Lizzie" George was born there in Ireland. Abraham and Ellen traveled several times between Ireland and England; (perhaps to visit families, and or because of the economics of the times?).

        In any event Issac George was born in England in 1836, Jane "Janet" George, (who later married Charles Campbell Thornburg) was born in Ireland in 1839. Susannah "Susan" George was born in England in 1841. Finally, last but not least, Margaret "Maggie" George was born in Ireland in 1845.

        Abraham at the age of 37, and Ellen at 27 left England from Liverpool on the ship "Concord" and arrive in America Jan 24th 1846. Interestingly, they listed their destination as Wisconsin, but it is unknown as to who they knew or what their thoughts were, as well to why they ended up in Pennsylvania.

        In 1850, the U.S. Census of September 23rd , shows everyone but the mother Ellen and their child Issac present, and Abraham is listed as a widower. The only reference for residence for Abraham is in the 1850 Census found so far, and both the ship manifest for his occupation in England, Ireland and Pennsylvania- lists him as a miner. It is unknown as to when Abraham died at this point.

        The Georges had first settled in Madison township in Armstrong County Pennsylvania. Other George families found in the 1840-1860 censuses had settled in adjacent townships of Sugar Creek, Plum Creek, Kiskiminetas, Red Bank, Perry, Brady`s Bend and Manor,(making for the recurrence of the same names at times). The township of Kittanning, several townships to the south- was the main source of coal for the area, and probably where Abraham worked as a miner for Mahoning Coal Company.

        As far as the lives of Abraham and Ellen George's children, we have been able to piece together some events in their lives. Elisabeth is only found in the 1850 census at the age of 16. She could have died in the Cholera outbreaks, or from yellow fever, or Influenza- which were prevalent at that time. This as well is a possibility for Ellen and Issac. Issac more than likely died between their arrival in 1846 and 1850, as he is not listed in the census (this would mean he died between the age of 10-13 years of age.)

        Janet, married Charles Campbell Thornburg in Butler County on July 4th of 1853. She was only between 14-16 years of age. So most likely, her father Abraham had died by this time. Charles' 1863 Civil War draft registration, shows them living in the township of Donegal in Butler County. The 1870 census shows Charles and Jane with 6 children (including Jessie, at the age of 2) living in the township of West Wheatfield in Indiana County Pennsylvania. This census was taken August 11th. Charles drowned in the Allegheny River for unknown reasons after this census was taken in the same month and was buried on the 21st.

        So, Janet was left a widow with children ranging from 3 months to 12 years old. The 1880 census shows Jane and her sister Margaret living with her in Allegheny City, Allegheny County Pennsylvania. From about 1885-1908, Janet lived in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. She died March 27th 1908, and is buried in the Uniondale Cemetery in Pittsburgh.

        Susan moved early on to Pittsburgh, the census showing her working as a dressmaker in 1860. On June 6th of 1866, she married Capt. Abel David J. Heastings. They had 2 children who both died young. Mary Agnes 1869-1870 died of Asthma, and Florence 1872-1876 died of convulsions. The Census of 1870 shows Susan living in Etna, 1880 in Allegheny City with her sister Jane, and 1900 living again with Capt. Abel in Verona- both locations being in Allegheny County. Capt. Abel died in 1903, and Susan is found living from about 1910-1920 in the Old Folks Home in Wilkinsburg, Allegheny County. Susan died after the 1920 census and before the 1930 census. It is assumed she is buried next to her Husband in St. Mary`s Cemetery in Pittsburgh.

        Maggie is found in the 1900 census living in Allegheny City, working as a servant in a household. By 1910, at 65 years of age, she is still single, and living and listed as an inmate at St John's Orphan and Old Folks Home in Mars township, Butler County Pennsylvania. Given the time period and place, Maggie could possibly be there for incurable medical ailments like epilepsy, or that she is just elderly. At the time of the 1920 census, she is not found. She died between the age of 65-75 years of age. Given possible transcription errors in some records to digital format and original errors by the census takers at that time, the misspellings or misfilings might be discovered in the future, to bring the "lost" census records to light.

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BURKE

        In relation to our Burke family, records make it difficult to ascertain much in the way of information. We do know that Ellen Burke (1819~1849) was married to Abraham Alexander George (1809~1853) in Ireland about 1834. They had 3 girls and 1 boy. Our Jane (1833-1908) was born in Ireland around the same time her parents were married. As well Jane's sister Elizabeth (1834-) was born in Ireland. 1835 finds them for whatever reason in England. There Issac is born (1836-1849) as well as Susannah (1839-1925). Sometime after 1839, the family returned to Ireland where Margaret (1845-1920) was born.

        On January 24th of 1846, it is recorded that the family arrived in New York at the port immigration station at Castle Garden. For reasons yet to be uncovered, they listed "Wisconsin" as their destination, though the family settled in Madison, Armstrong, Pennsylvania; perhaps conjecture but could the immigration officers in New York have thought the family was referring to Madison (Wisconsin)? The 1850 US Census shows everyone in the family, but Issac and the mother Ellen living together in Madison. Perhaps between 1846-1850 they died of accident or illness? They are listed on the arrival records in New York as alive.

        Because the census records are 10 years apart, events happening in areas betweens are hard to track. Yet still one will pursue. If we can find the gravestone, obituary, or other record clue, that might shed light on the circumstances of Ellen Burke, and possibly who her parents were in the future, that would be grand.

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